Rozprawka za i przeciw po angielsku

Rozprawka „za i przeciw” po angielsku jest jednym z typów rozprawek angielskich. Nazywa się ona „For and Against” lub „Pros and Cons”. Zawiera ona dwa różne spojrzenia, wady i zalety danego problemu. Pisze się ją językiem formalnym, a cała treść związana jest z jednym wybranym tematem.

Analiza tematu rozprawki

Zanim zabierzemy się do pisania rozprawki dobrze jest dogłębnie przeanalizować dany nam temat, i wypisać sobie na kartce wszystkie „za” i „przeciw” danego problemu, wraz z krótkim uzasadnieniem. Potem możemy wybrać kilka(lecz nie za dużo, bo ogranicza nas liczba słów) najbardziej przekonujących argumentów z obu punktów widzenia.

Rozprawka za i przeciw po angielsku – zasady pisania

Rozprawka powinna składać się z trzech części, wstępu, rozwinięcia i zakończenia. Podczas jej pisania nie należy używać słów typu: I think, I belive, In my opinion, gdyż w tego typu rozprawce liczy się przede wszystkim bezstronność i obiektywność.

Wstęp

We wstępie określamy temat rozprawki, przedstawiamy problem.

Rozwinięcie

W rozwinięciu podajemy argumenty „za” i „przeciw” dotyczące danego tematu. Dobrze aby w jednym akapicie były przynajmniej 2-3 argumenty za, a w drugim 2-3 argumenty przeciw.

Zakończenie

W zakończeniu robimy krótkie podsumowanie i zebranie argumentów w całość, i dopiero wtedy możemy dodać własną, stonowaną opinię na dany temat, wynikającą z przewagi argumentów jednego punktu widzenia.

Rozprawka Pros and Cons po angielsku – przydatne zwroty

Do wprowadzania pierwszego argumentu:

One major advantage of … – Ważną zaletą …

In the first place/First of all – Przede wszystkim

Firstly – Po pierwsze

To start with – Na wstępie

Do wprowadzania następnych argumentów:

Secondly – Po drugie

Thirdly – Po trzecie

What is more/Furthermore/Moreover – Co więcej

Also – Również

In addition to … – Na dodatek …

Apart from … – Oprócz …

Last, but not least – Ostatni lecz nie mniej ważny

Finally, … – W końcu, …

Do wprowadzania przeciwnego punktu widzenia:

On the other hand – Z drugiej strony

In spite of – Wbrew …

Despite – Pomimo

Even though – Chociaż

Although – Mimo to

It can be argued that … – Są odmienne opinie że …

Do wprowadzania przykładów popierających tezę:

For example/For instance – Na przykład

like – jak

Especially – Zwłaszcza

such as – tak/takie jak

In particular – Zwłaszcza

Do podsumowania:

In conclusion/All in all/To sum up – Podsumowując

Taking everything into account/Taking everything into consideration/On the whole – Biorąc to wszystko pod uwagę

Rozprawka For and Against po angielsku – wzór

Rozprawka po angielsku przykład 1 – rozprawka na temat wad i zalet posiadania telefonu komórkowego

There are few people today who could exist without their mobile phones. Nevertheless, the invention of a mobile phone also has its drawbacks that people tend to forget about.

There is no denying that mobile phones have a number of advantages. Parents give their children more freedom if they take their phones with them when they go out. On the other hand, mobile is useful for teenagers for getting back home as all they have to do in order to get there is dial their parents’ number and the family taxi will arrive at the arranged place free of charge.

However, not all people know how to use a mobile phone with sufficient respect and sleeping on public transport these days has become impossible. Family visits have also lost out as younger members spend whole afternoons texting friends or playing games, while back in the day, they would be interacting with the rest of the family.

In balance, it seems that mobile phones have as many disadvantages as positive aspects. However, in some situations, they are indispensable. If you have a car accident on a lonely road in the middle of the night it’s clear that the quickest way is to call for help. In this way I, for one, am happier with my mobile phone in my bag, than without it and I would recommend every driver to carry a phone with them at all times.

Rozprawka po angielsku przykład 2 – rozprawka na temat profesjonalnego uprawiania sportu przez nastolatków

More and more teenagers are taking up sport professionally. The moot question is whether it has only positive sides, or if it is a negative phenomenon. This is what I am going to discuss below.

Firstly, proponents of sport and activity argue that it is healthy. Young people can keep shape and fit, they have great condition, are unlikely to become sick. Secondly, taking up sport with a trainer can open the door to any sports discipline. Big chances are given to them. They meet influential people and become recognizable in the society. Teenagers are famous and rich. Sportsmen may do what they really love.

On the other hand, opponents say that it is exhausting. Teenagers are often worn out. They need to train long hours if they want to achieve success. What is more, it destroys their youth and affects their friendship. They have no time for themselves. Sometimes young sportsmen have no friends due to not having time for them. They exercise regularly and it absorbs them entirely. Moreover, they are in danger of injury. If anything goes wrong, they can lose everything they have achieved thus far.
To sum up, both proponents and opponents have a lot of arguments to prove that they are right. Taking into consideration all of the aforementioned arguments, I tend to agree with proponents more.

Rozprawka po angielsku przykład 3 – rozprawka na temat wpływu postępującej komputeryzacji na relacje międzyludzkie

Experts claim that common computerization will destroy relationships between people

We live in age of big changes and watch phenomenons, which are caused by many discoveries. Thanks to sociologists researches we can cast an expert eye on it.

Some people claim that computerization puts in jeopardy our relationships because it takes much time and quickly makes us dependent on using the computer. A number of social networking websites take our free time and replace real world with the virtual one. Parents say they would rather their children played with peers and talked with them more often. Despite of work simplification, many activities like production in factories or harvesting crops, which in the past were done together, now have disappeared entirely. Modernity is not conducive to build strong ties. Computers and the Internet make us used to the thought that everything should be immediate. We have lost the habit to wait. For this reason, we get nervous with our close friends who are not like a machine, but only a human.

On the other hand, we could be aware of this phenomenon and take care about our relationships. There are many appeals persuading us to pay attention to our ties. Moreover, the Internet may make us more sociable and simplify our contacts. We can send an e-mail to almost everyone, keep in touch and settle scores on Internet economizing free time. What is more, many friendships were struck up on the Intenet thanks to Facebook or chats. People do not feel lonely and see each other thanks to Skype.

To sum up, we should realize this dangerous phenomenon and really watch over our relationships which we still have.

Rozprawka po angielsku przykład 4 – rozprawka na temat wad i zalet życia w dużym mieście

Drawbacks and benefits of living in a big city

One group of people associates city with noise, while another with variety and enormous chances. Though, neither of them will find out the truth unless they try to live there for a while.

It is hard to deny that big cities are likely to broaden one’s horizons. They are claimed to have plenty of facilities like swimming pools, gyms or theatres. Thanks to them, one is not made to boredom. Undoubtedly, one is able to be more sophisticated rather than people from the countryside. This can help one get attractive job in diverse corporations, which are settled down there. Even if the city is vast, the communication is so developed that you will not bothet it at all.

However, big cities are claimed to be annoying, crowded and as a result, full off trafic jams. It can drive one mad, does not allow for leading peaceful life and takes time. Thus, enormous pollution can be a source of illneses for children and senior people who are not immune enough. Futhermore, living in a big city involves costs. For example, children demand far more than those from the countryside. Not only do their whims are expensive, but also education, extra activities and costs of living add up.

In person, I prefer living in a big city in terms of entertainment, my education and absorbing job. If I happen to find a village that is a suitable place to live, I will most likely move there.

Rozprawka po angielsku przykład 5 – rozprawka na temat wad i zalet prac domowych(takich jak sprzątanie)

Advantages and disadvantages of working for home

No matter the age and place of residence, we are in charge of keeping order. Sometimes it is thought that cleaning is boring. However, some people find it necessary, others relaxing.

Firstly, cleaning can be an extra reason to start moving and lose weight. Moreover, physical work may make us more relaxed after mental activities. Wiping dust or washing the dishes can be breaks between other activities. During them, we can collect ours thoughts. In peace of mind, we have an opportunity to think through problems. Besides, our parents and roommates will be given pleasure and perhaps they will draw inspiration from our example and also get down to cleaning. It seems clear that only when we tidy up our room by ourselves, we know exactly where everything is. Only in this way are we able to take care of our room’s décor and make us feel well there.

However, it is claimed that cleaning is an uphill job, especially in case children and teenagers, who are forced to tidy up and are not accustomed to keeping order. It is hard to deny that working for home is tiring and after it we can only relax. It takes much time, during which we could do other, more interesting things. For others, it is unprofitable, because they are nearly never at home. They do not attach importance to the order and they are likely to never think about it.

To my mind, working for home is very important, because when we have order around us, we also have order in or minds.

Rozprawka po angielsku przykład 6 – rozprawka na temat indywidualistów

Undoubtedly, among our acquaintances there are some individualists. For sure, they differ from others. Having an opportunity to watch them in various situations we are aware of many advantages but also some drawbacks they feature.

First of all, they usually are said to be original, wise and creative. These features are beneficial, because they are capable of thinking outside of the box and suggest atypical solutions to various issues. Moreover, their work is very efficient and well done due to the fact that they exactly know what they aim at and sacrifice themselves. Doing their best, they do not let themseleves to any failure.
Individualists have their own world, which can be their shelter. As a result, they are so persistent and independent that no one can hurt them.

However, being an individualist has its drawbacks. In the long run, people cannot deal with their orginality and oddity, as they are not on the same wavelength as others are. Not only are they solitary, but they also have difficulties in applying for a job. Most of bosses neither tolerate their personality nor appreciate their gifts. Futhermore, they often look down on others, underestimate some trends and feel misunderstood by people.

Altogether, individualists are valuable and interesting people, but for the price of being liked by others, they should try to get along with them. They had better be themselves while socialising with others.

Rozprawka po angielsku przykład 7 – rozprawka na temat gier wideo i komputerów

Should teens play video games or use a computer?

Teens play video games and use a computer more and more. Is it healthy?

Firstly, teens have health problems. They often have headaches and problems with eyes. Video games relieve stress and anger in teens. They play for long hours and do not hang out with friends. In addition, teens can be violent.

On the other hand, computers let chat, talk and help doing homework. Teens have better computer skills. What is more, computers and video games give them fun. Last, but not least, video games improve logical thinking.

In balance, it seems that video games and computers have as many disadventages as positive aspects. However, in some situations, they are indispensable.

Rozprawka po angielsku przykład 8 – rozprawka na temat jedzenia mięsa

Some people believe that humans should not eat meat. Do you agree?

Most people think that since animals eat other animals, it is natural for humans to eat meat. However, some religions disagree with the claim, and a growing number of people are choosing to become vegetarians for non-religious reasons, but just for themselves or animals.

First of all, I would like to introduce the arguments in favor of eating meat. Humans have always hunted and eaten animals. We use their fur and skin for clothes and shoes. Besides, when people stop eating meat they avoid the main food that gives them energy. Meals containing meat are better balanced, more differentiated, and much more tasty than these consisting only from vegetables.

On the other hand, many vegetarians believe that eating meat is not only unnecessary, but also unhealthy. We can easily grow plants that give us all we need in our diet, and meat can cause serious diseases. They say our teeth and stomachs are not used to meat and it?s unnatural for us. Also, the way we farm animals is cruel and we destroy rainforests that stand for the natural habitat for many animals.

In my view, there are strong health reasons for not eating meat. However, if we become vegetarians for moral reasons, I think we should also not wear fur or leather.

Rozprawka za i przeciw po angielsku
średnia: 4 z 4 głosów

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